what is responsive design?
Table of contents
- what is a responsive website?
- advantages of the responsive dynamic website
- disadvantages of the responsive dynamic website
- steps to create a responsive website
- how to run responsive tests on real browsers and devices?
- 7 greatest tools for testing your responsive website
if anyone wants to start making and having a website first everyone should know what is responsive design?
responsive web design mentions a design strategy that creates websites that work well for mobile, tablet, and desktop devices. websites without responsive design remove a considerable number of users.
Google looks at mobile-friendliness for ranking. the use of mobile-friendliness will be as a Google ranking signal, from 2015 April 20. it is said by the google webmaster blog. this change will affect mobile searches in all languages worldwide and will have a significant impact on our search results.
google search central also advises and says, today, everyone has smartphones, always communicating and looking for information. in many countries, the number of smartphones has passed the number of personal computers so mobiles are changing the world.pewresearch.org
so if you didn’t make mobile-friendly your website you should do it. most of the people which are visiting your site are using mobiles.
in addition, 54% of web developers telling that a “special reason to redesign a website is that it is not responsive on all devices. website developers and designers more emphasis on creating responsive websites at first.”
60.2% of internet users telling that they don’t advise a business or work with the unresponsive designed website on mobile in 2022. this is not amazing since in 2022 mobile devices generated 57.38% of global website traffic.
optimizing websites for mobiles requires the implementation of responsive design. this is why most web developers want and like to make responsive websites for all projects they handle.
Types of websites:
- Dynamic website
- Responsive website
- Adaptive website
in the early day of the internet, websites were static. the contents were coded in HTML and did not change until it was edited and published by webmasters(those who know how to code in HTML). there are still lots of static websites around today, but modern and new websites are typically using content management systems (CMS) like WordPress. sites built with a database allow being generated dynamically. any time a visitor accesses the page dynamic site, the HTML is pulled from the database to the user’s web browsers. the benefit of a dynamic website is as a marketer you can easily update, create and publish all the time without knowing how to code. this makes it easier to keep your website fresh and cute.
responsive web design is to create web pages that look awesome on all devices. a responsive web design will adjust for different screen sizes automatically.
or in another hand, responsive web design is about using HTML and CSS to automatically resize, hide, shrink, or enlarge a website to make it look good on all devices(desktops, tablets, and phones).
adaptive web design promotes the creation of multiple versions of a web page to better fit the user device, not like a single static web page that loads.
here this topic concentrates on responsive dynamic web design, steps to create a responsive website, advantages, and disadvantages of a responsive website and etc…
Responsive Dynamic website advantages:
- better user experience
a responsive website is designed to be very user-friendly, which means users can make changes to the website easily. these sites are attractive and lets the visitors leave a comment or reply based on their experience while they are on the website. this helps the creator and designer know about reviews in real-time which they can improve.
- easier maintenance
a content management system or CMS that has the database for all elements is used for dynamic and responsive websites. they also use scripting languages that interact with all the database information, editing background design or elements, and uploading contents can all be done with ease facility.
- easy updating
one of the most benefits of a responsive website is that it lets you update your information content easily. you don’t need a lot of technical knowledge for making changes to the site. in your template file, once you make a change, it automatically affects all the pages with that specific file.
responsive websites give you a wonderful look and seem more professional than static websites.
responsive websites empower the user to be more involved and engage with the content of the site. by offering them an attractive and responsive experience, they elevate them through personalized browsing.
Disadvantages of the responsive dynamic website:
like any technological advancement, there are some difficulties that can face with responsive websites, such as:
- needs to be changed.
there are some methods for making responsive design mobile-friendly.
Steps to create a responsive website:
- set suitable responsive breakpoints
in responsive design, a breakpoint is a point that the website’s content and design will adapt in a certain way in order to provide the best user experience.
developers should use responsive breakpoints, which are sometimes called CSS breakpoints or media query breakpoints. they are special points that are defined in the code. website content adjusts itself to the screen size to display an accurate layout.
what are breakpoints?
breakpoints are tools that help the developer obtain the required information about the status of the program at a specific moment or when reaching a certain command, check the amount of variable, and make the necessary changes if necessary. apply and continue running the program from the same point.
- start with a fluid grid
previously, websites were based and worked on pixel measurements. now, they work with a fluid grid.
a fluid grid sets and positions web elements on a site in proportion to the screen size which is displayed on. instead of making things in specific size in pixels, elements on a fluid grid will respond and resize to fit the size of the screen.
a fluid grid divided into columns, heights and widths are scaled, the proportions of text and elements belong to screen size.
a fluid grid also helps with keeping a site visually on multiple devices. it also offers control over alignments and enables faster design-related decision-making.
- take touchscreens into consideration
when asking yourself how to make a website responsive, think about the touchscreen, most mobile devices(tablets and phones) are now equipped with touchscreens. and also some laptops are offering touchscreen along with keyboard functions.
for example, on a desktop, each menu item must be large enough to be pressed with a fingertip on a touchscreen. on-screen mobiles, smaller elements like buttons should be easier to detect and select too.
- use responsive images and videos
use new and modern image tag attributes to make images responsive to many devices and screen resolutions. for example:
<source type=”imageexample23.jpg” 2x, imageexample24.jpg 1x>
<img alt=”my new image” src=”mynewimage.png” width=”100″ height=”100″>
- define typography
most web developers use font size with pixels. these tips were on static websites, but responsive websites need a responsive font. this is necessary to make typography adjust with screen size and be easily readable on multiple devices.
- use a pre-designed theme or layout to save time
if developers and designers are thinking about how to make and build a responsive website in a very short time, they can use a pre-designed layout with built-in responsive properties.
WordPress provides many options in this context (free and paid). all the works that the designer must do after selecting the topic are to decide on color, branding, and text.
- test responsiveness on real devices
when researching how to make a responsive website, something that is often ignored is the necessity of testing on real devices. developers and designers can change the code as a match they want, but the functionality must be verified in real user conditions.
when defining and implementing responsive design, it is important to check how the website appears on a range of devices. as far as possible, test responsive design on real devices until verifying how the design will look to end-users.
How to run responsive tests on real browsers and devices
when the research is complete, and the responsive website has been built, then it needs to be tested. a website with a responsive design must be tested on different real browsers and devices. that it is the only way to check the success of responsive design in real user conditions. use a responsive design checker, if you want to do this. instead of buying and purchasing devices all online. the checker linked above offers responsive checking on the latest mobile devices such as iPhone x, galaxy note 8 plus, galaxy note 10, and more.
test your site on different devices, without having to buy them all.
but the theory is one thing, and practice is another. to ensure your site is fully responsive, you actually need to test it on different devices.
most of us, don’t have the budget to get hold of the hundreds of physical devices you would need to carry out a real-world test.
but fear not! these tools provide a halfway house by letting you test your responsive designs within a virtual environment.
3-Google dev tools device mode
for more information about BrowserStack Click
7-Cross browsing testing